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V'ger has nothing to do with the Borg. Gene Rodenberry is stated as JOKING when he said the machine planet was the Borg homeworld. Also one of the aims of the Borg is to become fully machine humanoid, (like Lilla probe in TMP), (See Descent, and some of the Voyager episodes) if they came from a planet of sentient machines why strive to be what they already are?
V'ger didnot beam anyone up from earth, (if it did it would have been in the film). And it BLEW ITSELF UP.
Games and Books are not canon remember that, (the shatner novels especially are just glorified fanfiction). Leave the origin of the Borg open to mystery otherwise your destroy it as much as Braga did in Voyager.
If you read the Star Trek Destiny books, which were Awesome btw it says that the one member of a race called the Caeliar crash landed on a planet way back in time with a few humans and that was how the Borg were created. If you have any interest in the Borg Or if you just love good Star Trek do yourself a Big favor and read that trilogy. Some of the Best Trek Ever.
We are Borg, we are becoming the borg right now. Just look ahead in time. With the technology we have now and the detection we are going, we will be the Borg in the next 20 years.
Right now it's just replacement parts, but I could definitely see people in the future swapping out their limbs for cybernetically enhanced models. Just a few weeks ago, there was something in the news about scientists finding ways for nerve endings to interact with tactile sensory information taken in by prosthetic pieces, essentially allowing people to 'feel' things through mechanical fingertips. The science is in its very early stages at this point, but the possibilities are amazing. (And the articulation in some of the new prosthetic models is astounding!)
I'm not saying we're on the fast track to becoming The Borg anytime soon, but I could definitely see cybernetic enhancements becoming more commonplace as the science progresses. I believe Dr. Kaku had an episode of Sci-Fi Science where he explored the possibilities, and while some of it is definitely outside our current grasp, the modern technology that he based his 'Borg' on was interesting. Definitely worth a watch.